We love Bologna. It is a magnificent city full of beauty, vibrancy, all ages of people, great food, and loads of charm. We find that walking her streets – in both rain and shine - is delightful.
Bologna is known for its cobblestone streets, colorful buildings, and its miles and miles of porticoes. Porticoes are covered porches that extend from buildings, and when there are several in a row, they form a sort of colonnade, or wide pedestrian walkway. Inside these porticos you’ll find shops, cafes, and restaurants - often with their tables spilling out into the covered areas. They are a defining feature of Bologna's architecture and make the city truly special.
Porticoes hold a significant place in the architectural landscape of Bologna. These covered walkways not only provide shelter but also contribute to the city's unique charm and identity. Bologna's porticoes have gained recognition and acclaim and are listed as an UNESCO World Heritage Site. With a total length of nearly 62 kilometers, Bologna boasts an impressive network of porticoes, with approximately 40 kilometers located in the city center alone. The porticoes of Bologna have become iconic symbols of the city, attracting visitors from all over the world who are captivated by their beauty and historical significance.
The porticoes in Bologna, aside from being beautiful and setting the tone for the personality of the city, also serve a practical purpose. They provide shelter from the sun, rain, and snow, and allow pedestrians to walk and congregate comfortably throughout the year. They also have a positive impact on the environment by providing natural cooling during the hot summer months, thereby reducing the need for air conditioning and energy consumption.
The tradition of building porticoes in Bologna dates back to the medieval period. Originally, they served as sheltered walkways for merchants and travelers (much like today). In a city with a rich trading history, the porticoes provided a practical solution to protect goods and people from the elements.
The development of porticoes in the city was also spurred on by the establishment of the University of Bologna. Founded in 1088 AD, the university holds the distinction of being the oldest university in the Western world. As the University of Bologna expanded, so did its need for infrastructure to accommodate the growing population of scholars, students, and visitors from different parts of the world. These individuals needed a convenient and accessible way to navigate the city and find their way to various university buildings. The construction of porticoes provided a solution by offering covered walkways that connected different parts of the city, including the university campuses. This not only facilitated movement but also created a sense of unity and cohesion among the university community.
Bologna's porticoes display a wide range of architectural features and styles. There are different types of porticoes, including wooden ones and semi-porticoes without columns. There are wide ones and very narrow ones. Each portico has its own distinct character and design and relates to the building it is attached to. Some porticoes feature intricate carvings and sculptures, while others have a simple and understated design. The porticoes vary in height and width and these unique architectural features contribute to the charm and visual appeal of Bologna's porticoes.
Bologna's porticoes are far more than just beautiful architecture; they are the heartbeat of the city. They are vibrant and alive with people - whether it's a leisurely stroll, a chat with a neighbor, or a cup of coffee at a local café. The porticoes exude a sense of warmth and hospitality and create a welcoming and inclusive atmosphere for both residents and visitors. They are not only physical structures but also spaces where people come together to socialize, share stories, and create lasting memories. Bologna's porticoes are a true reflection of the city's identity and the strong sense of community that defines it. They are the heart and soul of this beautiful, vibrant, and charming city – creating an intimacy and sense of community that are both rare and special for a city with over 800,000 residents.